Patients may face significant challenges when a hip replacement goes awry. Defective hip replacements can result from design flaws, manufacturing errors or medical carelessness. Prosthetic components often provide pain relief and improve mobility.
If these components fail to function as intended, individuals may experience pain, instability and other complications. Apart from defects in prosthetic devices, the surgery itself can have negative side effects, including:
1. Blood clots
Surgery increases the risk of blood clot formation, which can be a serious complication if it travels to the lungs. Overall, 0.15% of individuals develop deep vein thrombosis after a hip replacement procedure. The clot can travel to the lungs and requires emergency medical care.
Bacterial infection is a severe complication that can occur shortly after the initial surgery or several years later. Infections may lead to pain, swelling, instability and drainage.
3. Metal allergy
For those with metal-on-metal hip replacements, microscopic metal particles released during joint movement may lead to sensitivity or allergic reactions, causing symptoms like swelling, joint pain and skin issues.
4. Joint stiffness
Some patients experience joint stiffness, limiting their range of motion. They often find that bending over or crossing their legs is challenging, if not impossible.
5. Frequent or recurring hip dislocations
Improper positioning or sizing of prosthetic components can result in frequent hip dislocations after the surgery, leading to severe pain and walking difficulties.
Patients should monitor themselves and report symptoms or concerns to their healthcare provider. Seeking timely medical attention and understanding potential complications are essential for addressing issues related to hip replacement surgery.