While whiplash is the type of injury that most often results from a car crash, other, more serious injuries are common.
Symptoms of an injury are not always evident immediately. A crash victim should see a doctor who will provide a diagnosis, treatment recommendations and a medical report.
You do not have to hit your head in order to sustain a concussion, which is a mild traumatic brain injury. The violent impact from a vehicle crash can cause the brain to move inside the skull, causing bruising and damaging brain cells. Symptoms, which include headaches and dizziness, may not occur for hours if not days after the accident.
The impact of a car crash can also cause dislocated joints, especially the shoulder and elbow. Hips, wrists, knees and ankles are also susceptible to dislocation. Although painful, the effects of a dislocated joint may not appear right away. Delayed symptoms include limited range of motion, joint instability and weakened muscle strength.
Extremities such as arms, legs, hands and feet are most at risk for bone fractures as the result of a car crash. A broken bone is a serious injury. For example, a broken femur or thigh bone takes a long time to heal since it is among the largest and strongest bones in the body.
Prompt medical attention is essential after even a minor vehicle collision since you could have underlying injuries. If so, the doctor will write a medical report with the diagnosis and treatment plan, which you should submit as part of your insurance claim. As the victim of a crash, you have the right to seek compensation to cover your medical costs, lost wages and more.